First and foremost lets understand what is ziyarah.
The meaning of Ziyarat or Ziyarah are
derived from Arabic root word “( ﺯَﺍﺭَ، ﻳَﺰُﻭْﺭُ، ﺯَﻭْﺭًﺍ،) zaar, yazur, Zauran” which means to meet, to see or to intend to go to someone…
Usually this word is used for : to go to meet someone out of love, respect or effection.
Let’s start from the ziyarah to the holy prophet (SAW).
In Islam, the practice of Ziyarah has a great significance as Allah says in the Quran in Surah Nissa 4: 64 Say’s to Muslims who have done some unjust or sinns,
“when they were unjust to themselves, come to you (Holy Prophet (saw) and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger (saw) had also asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Oft-returning (to mercy), Merciful.
Here comes the importance of Visiting someone who is dear to Allah. No doubt Allah is the one who gives forgiveness and mercy, but in this part of Quran, the unjust and sinner Muslims are directed to come to Holy Prophet (saw), and Holy Prophet (saw) would also ask  Allah to forgive that sinner, then the sinner would have found Allah oft-returning to mercy, The Merciful. Which prophet (saw) become Intermediary between them and Allah.
I the work of  ibn Qayyam Al-Jawziyyah (ra) ” Qaseedatun-Nuniya” describes the virtues of Visitng Prophet’s (saw) grave:-
ﻓﮑﺄﻧﻪ ﻓﯽ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺮ ﺣﻲّ ﻧﺎﻃﻖ
ﻓﺎﻟﻮﺍﻗﻔﻮﻥ ﻧﻮﺍﮐﺲ ﺍﻷﺫﻗﺎﻥ
Keep in mind & heart that Holy Prophet (saw) is alive in his grave and talks,
So keep your head down when you stand in the court of Holy Prophet (saw).
Blessings of Visiting Holy Prophet (saw)’s grave :-
Holy Prophet (saw) said : The one who Visits my grave, My intercession (Shifa’ah) is due for him (Essentially the visitor will get Shifa’ah) of the Holy Prophet (saw) on the day of judgement).
ref : (Nawadirul Usul, of Tirmizi 2 : 67)
The ziyarah to the pious Muslims like our shuyukh.
I will start for the event that happened during the time of prophet Musa (a.s).
Holy Quran In Sura Al-Kahf, in Verse 60 – 82, Allah describes the event of Prophet Musa (Musa) (A.S) when Allah  ordered Musa to visit a Wali of Allah (Friend of Allah) Khidr (A.S) to seek knowledge and wisdom and Prophet Musa (A.S) along with his servant, went in search of Khidr.
We should remember that each Prophet’s practice is his sunnah and Prophet’s sunnah is always admissible, permissible and rightful in the eyes of Allah that’s why Allah made it part of Quran.
Now Lets see the the Hadith on ziyarah:-
Holy Prophet (saw) said in a Hadith Qudsi that Allah  says “My Love is compulsory for the people who Love each other only for the sake of My Love, Who sit close to each other only for my sake, Who go & meet each other only for My Willingness and Who spend the money only for my Willingness (e.g organizing special Event for my sake like moulud) ”
ref: (Imam Malik, in his Al-Muatta 2: 953 : 1711)
Holy Prophet (saw) said : The one who visited his parent’s grave (both or single) on Friday, he is forgiven (by Allah) and his name is mentioned in the list of righteous and pious people.
“How much more the person that visit the grave of awliya?”
ref 🙁 Imam Suyuti, in his Durrul-Mansur : 5:267).
The mother of all believers Sayyidatuna Aisha  (ra).. She says ..
When the Holy Prophet (saw) and my father Abu-Bakr’s graves were in my House, I used to visit the graves without Hijab because they were my Husband & father. But when Umar (ra) was burried there, I swear, I never entered there without Hijab because of Haya (modesty).
ref:(Musnad of Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al- 6: 202).
The above hadith shows that women can partake in ziyarah if they can maintain their modesty as it maintain my the mother of the believers.
all dead people are not equal in the light sight of allah
There are some beloved people of Allah who have sacrified their whole lives for the sake of Allah Almighty and they are blessed with another type of life which our minds cannot conceive … as Quran says for the martyred .. “Do not even think they are dead, rather they are alive, they are given food by Allah, (Al-Imran 3 : 169 )”
The Salam can not be said to dead people. Its only said to the one who can listens it. Neither the Hijaab can be made from dead people because Hijaab is only essential for a person who can see a Muslim Lady. Above practice of Sayidatuna Aisha (ra) expresses her views and faith that Umar was not dead like others rather he was able to see and listen even in grave.
Once Abu-Ayyub Ansari (ra) came to grave of Holy Prophet (saw) and put his face on the grave.
Caliph of that time, Marwan saw him and asked him ” Do you know what are you doing ?”
Abu Ayyub Ansari (ra) replied : ﻧَﻌَﻢْ، ﺟِﺌْﺖُ ﺭَﺳُﻮْﻝَ ﺍﷲِ ﺻﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭَ ﻟَﻢْ ﺁﺕِ ﺍﻟْﺤَﺠَﺮَ .
“YES (I know what i am doing) because I came to Holy Prophet (saw) and not to a stone”
Ref ( Musnad of Ahmad bin Hanbal,  5: 422).
IMAM SHAFI’ (RA) used to visit the grave of IMAM ABU HANIFA (RA) for getting Barakah (blessings) :- Imam Shaf’i (ra) himself says :-
” I get blessings from Abu-Hanifa (ra) by daily visiting his grave, whenever I fell in trouble, I pray 2 rakaat and come to grave of Abu-Hanifa (ra), and standing near his grave I pray to Allah Almighty, and does not move from there until my problem is solved and my trouble is over.


Ziyarah or Visiting to Grave,
Saying Salam direct to pious and righteous person inside the grave Getting Blessings from this holy place all are permissible acts and not shirk. because the Auliya Allah are friends and beloved of Allah and not the enemy of Allah So if there is some blessings around the place of Waliyullah (friend of Allah) Its only blessings of Allah.
May Allah (swt) bless all of us with true light of faith. Ameen.



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